Chemical peelings are the procedures involving the controlled exfoliation of the skin.
Surface peeling is a treatment which cleanses the skin, improves its tension and narrows the pores. Surface discolourations are lightened and skin tone is aligned.
Deep peelings have a strong rejuvenating effect, eliminate atrophic scars and deeper discolourations. To obtain the best effects it is recommended to perform a series of several treatments at 3-4 weeks intervals. After assessing the condition of the skin, a physician qualifies to appropriate peeling.
Depending on the indications and desired effect, treatment with the following acids is usually used:
- mandelic acid (delicate surface peeling, recommended for mixed, delicate, vascular, seborrhoeic skin, in acne rosacea; it may be performed at any time of the year; results in freshening of the skin; well-tolerated by the patients);
- pyruvic acid (has strong antibacterial and antiseborrhoeic activity, therefore it is often used for seborrhoeic skin and skin with acne
- glycol acid (eliminates surface wrinkles and discolourations; used for skin with acne; has firming, tensing and rejuvenating effect);
- salicylic acid (has antiseborrhoeic, anti-inflammatory and antibacterial activity; skin becomes smooth, less oily, better nourished; it additionally brightens the skin, often used for skin with active acne lesions, folliculitis and for skin with acne rosacea);
- azelaic acid (improves the condition of seborrheic, oily, vascular skin and skin with acne rosacea);
- trichloroacetic acid (medium deep peeling used for discolourations and photoageing; eliminates wrinkles; freshens the skin);
- ferulic acid (effective anti-ageing peeling, indicated in photoageing, wrinkles, when skin loses its firmness and brightness);
- Yellow peel (complex peeling - acts on the post-acne lesions, discolourations, eliminates lesions caused by photoageing, reduces surface wrinkles);
- Cosmelan (complex formula, the most effective peeling for sun discolourations and melasmas, brightening and freshening effect).