Botulinum toxin (wrinkes removal)
BOTOX is the most methods to smooth wrinkles, mainly on the upper part of the face (the so-called mimic wrinkles). The procedure consists in injecting the preparation in small dose to several precisely selected areas on the face and lasts from 15 to 30 minutes. Botox prevent the flow of nerve impulses from the brain to selected muscle tissues which in turn stop working, i.e. they do not wrinkle and fold. Effects are visible after two or three days, whereas the final effect is visible already on the seventh day
Botox was introduced at the end of 1980 by ophthalmologists to treat muscle contraction disorders. It was approved by cosmetic FDA in 2002 and helped millions of patients to get rid of annoying wrinkles on the face. Nowadays, Botox is used in procedures related to the ocular muscle contractions, issues with eye coordination, excessive sweating (feet, armpits, palms) as well as in anti-wrinkle therapy for crow’s feet, lion wrinkles and to remove forehead furrows.
About the procedure
Botox usually reduces the amount of wrinkles by approximately 80%. Patients are usually aged 35-60 years. Effects might not be the same and it must be taken into consideration that they are only temporary. If a patient want long-term effects, he or she has to plan the next treatments. Preparation is administered in the doctor’s office, usually without anaesthesia. Depending on the area, on which it will be applied, procedure may last from 15 to 30 minutes. Effect is visible for approx. 3 to 5 months.
Contraindications for the procedure
- Disorders of the cardiovascular system and nervous system.
- Allergy to human albumin.
- Alzheimer's disease or ALS.
Before the procedure, patient should inform the physician about pharmacological preparations and medicines currently taken.
- For maximally 4 weeks, muscle relaxation effect may occur (dropping mouth corner, dropping eyelid).
- Gentle tingling at the infection site.
- Small haematomas, visible in spots where the needle could run into a blood vessel.
These effects are rare and are transient (2 to 5 weeks).