Facelift is a typical "rejuvenating" surgery. The effect is achieved by pulling the skin and lifting the tissues of cheeks and forehead, which fall over the years and due to gravity. This procedure improves the overall appearance and reduces the signs of aging. Typical skin incisions are made on the hairy skin of the temple, in front of the ear and on the hairy skin of the back of the head. The procedure may be performed under regional anaesthesia or under general anaesthesia depending on the patient's needs and preferences.
During the first consultation with a specialist, details of the procedure, treatment and type of anaesthesia are determined, photographic and computer simulation of postoperative effect is made, duration of the patient’s stay in the clinic is estimated (usually patient is discharged on the same day). Consultation with anaesthesiologist is performed as well. The following laboratory tests must be performed: complete blood count, bleeding time and clotting time, blood type and ECG test.
There are no clear contraindications preventing from performing eyelid correction. Relative contraindications include: diabetes, anaemia, untreated hypertension, history of Graves’ disease, bleeding disorders, inflammation of the operated area.
Procedure and convalescence
Procedure is performed under regional or general anaesthesia (conversation with a patient plays a decisive role). Patient stays in the clinic for a night. Easily digestible diet is indicated for approximately 2 days. Stitches in front of the ears are removed 3-4 days after the surgery. Hair can be washed 5 days after the surgery. Social activity is allowed approximately 7 days after the surgery. The remaining stitches are removed 7-10 days after the surgery. Full social activity is allowed after 2-3 weeks after the surgery. Convalescence lasts for approximately 3 weeks. Postsurgical scars are almost invisible. They are hidden in hair, whereas those in front of the ear are located in the characteristic skin wrinkle.
The most serious complications, which occur in unusual cases, include facial nerve palsy and paralysis of the facial mimic muscles. Bruising and infections may rarely occur mainly due to non-adherence to medical recommendations.