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Main Page > Head and neck > Surgical treatment > Neck

Neck

Removal of lateral neck cyst

Lateral neck cyst is a congenital defect and in most cases it is a painless resilient tumour on the side of the neck. Complication of its natural course may involve sudden and quick growth or inflammation which covers all adjacent tissues. Treatment of the cyst consists in its surgical removal. Surgery is performed under general anaesthesia. Incision is made horizontally and its size depends on the size of the cyst. The number of complications during the surgery is significantly higher if the cyst was often punctured to drain the fluid, if it was inflamed or in the case of reoperation. When treatment is discontinued, this medical condition may get worse. There is no alternative treatment.

 

Removal of midline neck cyst

Midline neck cyst is a congenital defect and in most cases it is a painless resilient tumour on the frontal part of the neck, just above the larynx. Sudden and quick growth or inflammation which covers all adjacent tissues may appear periodically. Treatment of the cyst consists in its surgical removal.

Surgery is performed under general anaesthesia. A part of hyoid bone is removed. Incision is made horizontally in the midline of the neck.

Surgery is performed under general anaesthesia. A part of hyoid bone is removed. Incision is made horizontally in the midline of the neck.When treatment is discontinued, this medical condition may get worse. There is no alternative treatment.

 

Surgery of the lymphatic system of the neck

  • Removal of single cervical node (lymph node biopsy)
  • Patient is under local or general anaesthesia. Surgery consists in skin incision, search for the nose and its resection to study under microscope, especially if neoplasms are suspected. When treatment is discontinued, this medical condition may get worse. There is no alternative treatment.
  • Selective or radical lymph node dissection

This surgery is performed under general anaesthesia, from a distant, long incision on the lateral surface of the neck, from collarbone to the mandible. Its aim is to remove lymph nodes if metastases are suspected or if there is certainty that enlarged lymph nodes already contain metastases. The extent of treatment and number of additionally resected anatomical structures depend solely on the size of the metastatic tumour and cancer infiltration to the muscles, vessels and nerves.

  • Selective nodal dissection is performed when cancer is small and covers selected part of the neck.
  • Radical nodal dissection is performed when cancer is larger and covers the entire neck.
  • Radical nodal dissection may be extended by muscles, vein, artery, nerves, skin fragments, submandibular gland and the lower pole of the parotid gland.

 

Surgery must often be performed on the both sides of the neck. It often required blood transfusion.

When treatment is discontinued, health may deteriorate.

In some cases, radiochemotherapy may be an alternative treatment method.

 

Neck tumour removal

Tumour on the neck may be a growth anomaly, consequence of an injury or inflammation or a cancer. The choice of treatment depends on the diagnosis of the nature of the tumour. Conservative treatment used in cases of inflammatory tumours, whereas surgical treatment is chosen in cases of developmental abnormalities, primary tumours and in metastases to lymph nodes. Depending on the nature, location and size of the tumour, surgery is performed either under local or general anaesthesia. The incision type also depends on the above-mentioned factors.

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© Opitmum Medica 2017

Nota prawna

Klinika Optimum Warszawa - strona zrealizowana przez Esstet

Program Regionalny Mazowsze BGK Unia Europejska

Project is co-financed by the EU.